Former President Trump faces criminal charges for allegedly falsifying business records, putting him on trial.

Former President Donald Trump is confronting three additional criminal cases, all scheduled for trial next year. However, he aims to postpone proceedings in all of them. Photo by Brandon Bell/Getty Images

Former President Trump faces criminal charges for allegedly falsifying business records, putting him on trial.



The trial of former President Donald Trump commenced on Monday in a lower Manhattan courtroom, marking an unprecedented event in American history as the first trial of an ex-president on criminal charges. Trump, the presumed Republican nominee for president, appeared in court in New York, where he faces accusations of falsifying business records to conceal a scandal involving a porn star.

Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg brought the case against Trump, one of several state and federal indictments the former president is confronting. However, due to delays in other cases, this trial might be the only one to proceed before the November election, potentially magnifying its political ramifications.

Jury selection commenced Monday afternoon and is anticipated to last approximately two weeks. Before potential jurors entered the courtroom, Justice Juan Merchan addressed several motions. Merchan dismissed a motion from Trump’s defense team citing alleged conflicts of interest involving the judge’s family, affirming his commitment to impartiality and the pursuit of justice.

However, Merchan ruled against allowing the prosecution to introduce evidence concerning allegations of sexual assaults against Trump, deeming them “rumors.” Bragg’s team sought to present these claims, made before the 2016 election, to bolster their argument that Trump sought to conceal evidence of an affair to maintain support from female voters.

Merchan also decided against admitting the “Access Hollywood” tape as evidence but allowed prosecutors to reference comments made by Trump captured on the tape. In the recording, Trump boasts about engaging in inappropriate behavior towards women, asserting, “When you’re a star, they let you do it.”

Prosecutors requested Merchan to impose a fine on Trump for violating a gag order issued by the judge on April 1. Trump’s recent social media posts targeting his former fixer Michael Cohen and the porn star Stormy Daniels prompted this request. Merchan deferred the decision on this matter to a hearing scheduled for April 23.

Cohen, a former attorney who has had a falling out with Trump, is expected to be a pivotal witness in the case, with the potential for Daniels to testify as well. Trump’s defense team has not confirmed whether he will testify in his own defense.

In summary, the trial of former President Trump on charges of falsifying business records has commenced, with significant legal and political implications as it unfolds in the coming weeks.

The core of the case revolves around payments totaling $130,000 made by Trump’s former attorney, Michael Cohen, to Stormy Daniels during the final stages of the 2016 presidential election. Cohen admitted as part of his plea agreement that these payments were orchestrated to secure Daniels’ silence regarding an alleged affair she claims to have had with Trump a decade earlier.

Facing 34 felony counts, Trump potentially faces up to four years in prison if found guilty. However, Judge Merchan could opt for a sentence of probation without incarceration.

Legal observers have highlighted a significant hurdle for Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg’s prosecution. Under New York state law, falsifying business records is typically considered a misdemeanor, not a felony. However, it can escalate to a felony if the falsification was conducted to conceal another criminal activity.

Bragg contends that Trump sought to conceal potential state and federal campaign finance infractions. Prosecutors argue that the payments to Daniels constituted illegal and unreported campaign contributions to Trump’s presidential bid. Revealing Daniels’ allegations could have tarnished Trump’s reputation among voters, making the payments a means of protecting his electoral prospects.

Additionally, Bragg asserts that Trump aimed to conceal a tax offense arising from the reimbursement process for Cohen’s payments to Daniels.

Crucially, prosecutors are not required to definitively prove that Trump committed the purported underlying crimes. Instead, they must demonstrate that Trump intended to conceal them—an assertion that defense attorneys are poised to vigorously challenge.

In essence, the trial hinges on whether the prosecution can establish Trump’s intent to conceal potential campaign finance and tax violations through the payments to Daniels. The outcome will depend on the strength of the evidence presented by both sides and the judicial interpretation of New York’s legal statutes regarding falsification of business records.


The potential political repercussions of a Trump conviction loom large, with polling averages indicating a narrow lead for Trump over President Joe Biden. However, there is evidence suggesting that if Trump were to be convicted of a felony, a notable portion of the electorate might withdraw their support.

While the charges in the case may appear to blend sensationalism with technicalities—prosecutors are expected to present extensive corporate documents—advocates for democracy assert that it revolves around fundamental principles. They argue that the case centers on an alleged scheme to undermine the integrity of a fair election.

Norm Eisen, a legal expert and vocal Trump critic who served as Democratic co-counsel for the U.S. House Judiciary Committee during Trump’s first impeachment, emphasized that the trial goes beyond mere hush money payments. Eisen stressed that it concerns Trump’s purported efforts to withhold information from voters to conceal potential election interference.

Outside Manhattan Criminal Court, Trump supporters gathered to express their unwavering allegiance to the former president and denounce the trial as a politically motivated witch hunt, echoing Trump’s own sentiments.

Steve Americans, a New Yorker sporting a hand-embroidered scarf proclaiming “MAGA again,” dismissed the trial as a sham orchestrated by the Biden administration, despite the lack of evidence supporting such claims.

Another supporter, Dion Cini, refrained from passing judgment on Trump’s personal life, instead deflecting attention to his own experiences. Cini’s nonchalant reference to his trips to Thailand and interactions with women served as a defense of Trump’s alleged indiscretions.

In contrast, anti-Trump demonstrator Marc Leavitt took a principled stance, advocating for the proper application of the rule of law. Standing on a park bench, he played patriotic tunes on a flute, emphasizing the importance of upholding legal standards for the good of the nation.

The divergent reactions among individuals outside the courtroom underscore the deeply polarized nature of American politics. Trump’s supporters view the trial through a lens of loyalty and skepticism, while detractors emphasize the necessity of accountability and adherence to legal norms.

As the trial unfolds, its outcome has the potential to influence public opinion, shaping the political landscape ahead of future elections. Whether Trump is acquitted or convicted, the reverberations of the trial are likely to resonate far beyond the confines of the courtroom, impacting the trajectory of American democracy.




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